Eucalyptus torquata - Coral Gum

A picture of a Eucalyptus torquata

The Eucalyptus torquata is a beautiful, small to medium-sized tree. I absolutely love this tree, and plant hundreds of them throughout my city each year. The tree is structurally sound and attracts wildlife year round. It’s also easy to manage the tree, as it is problem free and doesn’t require much water. All these benefits make this tree a dream for any City Planner.

So, if you are living in a warm, dry climate, consider planting some of these trees. This tree works well in smaller gardens and won’t cause you too much of a headache trying to manage. Learn more about this species below.

Eucalyptus torquata Facts

A picture of a Eucalyptus torquata
Eucalyptus torquata

General Information

Botanical Name - Eucalyptus torquata

Pronunciation - Yoo-kuh-lip-tus | tor-kwa-ta

Name Meaning - Eucalyptus comes from the Greek words ‘Eu’ meaning well and ‘Kalyptos’ meaning covered. This name is referencing the caps that cover the flowers of many Eucalypt species. Note, these caps fall off when the tree flowers.

Torquata comes from the Latin name torquatus. Torquatus means adorned with a neck chain or collar. This name is regarding the small buds on the fruit of this species. Looking for these buds is one of the easiest ways to identify this tree.

Common Name - Coral Gum. This name is in reference to the coal-like color of this tree's flowers.

Family - Myrtaceae

Origin - The Eucalyptus torquata is endemic to a small central area in the south of Western Australia. In this section of WA, the torquata grows on stony sites or sites with red sandy soils.

Uses - The Eucalyptus torquata is an extremely popular tree in Australia. Local councils plants many of these trees in streets, parks and gardens. There are a few reasons the popularity, including the following:

  • Structurally Sound -  Many people fear gum trees because of shedding of limbs. It’s rare, but gum trees have killed people, giving them the nickname widow maker. However, not all species drop limbs. The torquata is one of these species, so they are perfect as a street tree.
  • Drought Tolerant - The torquata doesn’t need too much water and is drought tolerant. So, this tree can withstand tougher, drier conditions.
  • Flowers Most Of the Year - The torquata attracts birds with its beautiful flowers. The flowers are on the tree most of the year, so wildlife will be in and out of the tree quite a lot.
  • Can Fit Under Powerlines - Due to the smaller size, this you can plant this tree under powerlines. The tree is excellent for streets that are covered with overhead services.

Planting Tips - The torquata grows best in USDA hardiness zones 8 - 10. So, this tree will do well if you live in an area that has hot, dry summers. This species doesn’t like too much rain and prefers well-drained soils. As for specific soil type, the torquata will do well in most soils.

When planting a torquata, place it in a location that gets plenty of sun. The tree will struggle if overshadowed by other trees or buildings.

Pests and Diseases - Generally problem free. However, can sometimes be susceptible to scale.

Description

Height - 13 - 29 ft generally. Sometimes this tree will grow up to 39ft.

Growth Rate - Slow to moderate.

Crown - Round with moderate density.

Bark - Rough, non-shedding bark on the trunk. Smooth bark on the branches.

Leaf Type - Evergreen.

Leaf Description - Leaves are pale green, point and about half an inch wide.

Fruit - Fruit is small and cylinder-shaped with a long beak as a fruit cap. Both the fruit and cap have small ribs at the base (pictured below).

Flower - Flowers are a red - pink color. The flowers are somewhat present all year, but at their most in Spring.

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